LASIK Glossary of Terms - - Jackson, MS

LASIK Glossary of Terms


Ablation zone






Dry Eye Syndrome



Excimer laser



Flap & Zap

Ghost Image






Informed Consent Form

In Situ






















Radial Keratotomy


Refractive Errors

Refractive Power



Snellen Visual Acuity Chart



Visual Acuity

Vitreous Humor

Copyright U.S. Food and Drug Administration

the transparent, colorless mass of gel that lies behind the lens and in front of the retina and fills the center of the eyeball. the clearness of vision; the ability to distinguish details and shapes. a complication of refractive surgery where the achieved amount of correction is less than desired. the middle, thickest layer of tissue in the cornea. one of many charts used to measure vision. the tough, white, outer layer (coat) of the eyeball that, along with the cornea, protects the eyeball. a layer of fine sensory tissue that lines the inside wall of the eye. The retina acts like the film in a camera to capture images, transforms the images into electrical signals, and sends the signals to the brain. the ability of an object, such as the eye, to bend light as light passes through it.hyperopia, myopia, and astigmatism. a test to determine the refractive power of the eye; also, the bending of light as it passes from one medium into another. commonly referred to as RK; a surgical procedure designed to correct myopia (nearsightedness) by flattening the cornea using radial cuts. a hole in the center of the iris that changes size in response to changes in lighting. It gets larger in dim lighting conditions and gets smaller in brighter lighting conditions. the inability to maintain a clear image (focus) as objects are moved closer. Presbyopia is due to reduced elasticity of the lens with increasing age. the acronym for photorefractive keratectomy which is a procedure involving the removal of the surface layer of the cornea (epithelium) by gentle scraping and use of a computer-controlled excimer laser to reshape the stroma. a complication of refractive surgery where the achieved amount of correction is more than desired. a primary eye care provider who diagnoses, manages, and treats disorders of the visual system and eye diseases. an expert in the art and science of making and fitting glasses and may also dispense contact lenses. a medical doctor specializing in the diagnosis and medical or surgical treatment of visual disorders and eye disease. the common term for myopia. the inability to see distant objects as clearly as near objects. the purposeful adjustment of one eye for near vision and the other eye for distance vision. a surgical device that is affixed to the eye by use of a vacuum ring. When secured, a very sharp blade cuts a layer of the cornea at a predetermined depth.a part of the eye that provides some focusing power. The lens is able to change shape allowing the eye to focus at different distances. the acronym for laser assisted in situ keratomileusis which refers to creating a flap in the cornea with a microkeratome and using a laser to reshape the underlying cornea. the acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A laser is an instrument that produces a powerful beam of light that can vaporize tissue. carving of the cornea to reshape it.a disorder characterized by an irregular corneal surface (cone-shaped) resulting in blurred and distorted images. prefix indicating relationship to the cornea. inflammation of the cornea. a surgical incision (cut) of the cornea. the surgical removal of corneal tissue. the colored ring of tissue suspended behind the cornea and immediately in front of the lens. a Latin term meaning "in place" or not removed.a document disclosing the risks, benefits, and alternatives to a procedure. the body's reaction to trauma, infection, or a foreign substance, often associated with pain, heat, redness, swelling, and/or loss of function. the inability to see near objects as clearly as distant objects, and the need for accommodation to see distant objects clearly. corneal clouding that causes the sensation of looking through smoke or fog. are rings around lights due to optical imperfections in or in front of the eye. scatter from bright light that decreases vision. a fainter second image of the object you are viewing. a slang term for LASIK. the abbreviation for the Food and Drug Administration. It is the United States governmental agency responsible for the evaluation and approval of medical devices. the common term for hyperopia. an ultraviolet laser used in refractive surgery to remove corneal tissue. the outermost layer of cells of the cornea and the eye's first defense against infection. the inner layer of cells on the inside surface of the cornea. a common condition that occurs when the eyes do not produce enough tears to keep the eye moist and comfortable. Common symptoms of dry eye include pain, stinging, burning, scratchiness, and intermittent blurring of vision. the measurement of refractive error. A negative diopter value signifies an eye with myopia and positive diopter value signifies an eye with hyperopia. the clear, front part of the eye. The cornea is the first part of the eye that bends (or refracts) the light and provides most of the focusing power. a distortion of the image on the retina caused by irregularities in the cornea or lens. clearness, or sharpness of vision. the ability of the eye to change its focus from distant objects to near objects. the area of tissue that is removed during laser surgery. in surgery, is to remove.

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