EF5 tornadoes are a very rare occurrence in U.S. History.
Before Monday's EF5 tornado in Oklahoma, there had only been 58 in the United States since 1950, when reliable records began. That number is now up to 59 since the National Weather Service in Oklahoma revised their estimate of the strength of Monday's killer tornado.
The New Castle – Moore tornado was estimated to have maximum winds of 210 mph, making it an EF5.
In the FOX19 viewing area there has only been one tornado of that strength. On April 3, 1974 Sayler Park was Devastated by an F5 tornado during the famous Super Outbreak. The Sayler Park tornado covered 21 miles in 23 minutes for an average speed of 54.8 mph. It killed 3 people and injured 210.
Monday's New Castle – Moore tornado was on the ground for 50 minutes and covered 17 miles creeping along at 20.4 mph. This is one reason the damage was so extensive. By traveling slowly the winds would batter a location for a longer period of time and do more damage.
The map shows the location of all F/EF5 tornadoes since 1950 in the United States. They are listed below.
State with the most F/EF5s - Alabama - 7 Month With the Most F/EF5s - April - 20; May - 20 Day with the most F/EF5s - April 3, 1974 - 7 ========================================================== # DATE LOCATION ========================================================== No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 2012
58 May 24, 2011 El Reno/Piedmont OK 57 May 22, 2011 Joplin MO 56 Apr 27, 2011 Rainsville/Sylvania AL 55 Apr 27, 2011 Preston MS 54 Apr 27, 2011 Hackleburg/Phil Campbell AL 53 Apr 27, 2011 Smithville MS
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 2009 - 2010
52 May 25, 2008 Parkersburg IA 51 May 4, 2007 Greensburg KS
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 2000 - 2006
50 May 3, 1999 Bridge Creek/Moore OK 49 Apr 16, 1998 Waynesboro TN 48 Apr 8, 1998 Oak Grove/Pleasant Grove AL 47 May 27, 1997 Jarrell TX 46 Jul 18, 1996 Oakfield WI
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 1993 - 1995
45 June 16, 1992 Chandler MN 44 Apr 26, 1991 Andover KS 43 Aug 28, 1990 Plainfield IL 42 Mar 13, 1990 Goessel KS 41 Mar 13, 1990 Hesston KS
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 1986 -1989
40 May 31, 1985 Niles OH 39 Jun 7, 1984 Barneveld WI
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1983
38 Apr 2, 1982 Broken Bow OK
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 1978 - 1981
37 Apr 4, 1977 Birmingham AL 36 Jun 13, 1976 Jordan IA 35 Apr 19, 1976 Bownwood TX 34 Mar 26, 1976 Spiro OK
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1975
33 Apr 3, 1974 Guin AL 32 Apr 3, 1974 Tanner AL 31 Apr 3, 1974 Mt. Hope AL 30 Apr 3, 1974 Sayler Park OH 29 Apr 3, 1974 Brandenburg KY 28 Apr 3, 1974 Xenia OH 27 Apr 3, 1974 Daisy Hill IN 26 May 6, 1973 Valley Mills TX
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1972
25 Feb 21, 1971 Delhi LA 24 May 11, 1970 Lubbock TX
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1969
23 Jun 13, 1968 Tracy MN 22 May 15, 1968 Maynard IA 21 May 15, 1968 Charles City IA 20 Apr 23, 1968 Gallipolis OH
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1967
19 Oct 14, 1966 Belmond IA 18 Jun 8, 1966 Topeka KS 17 Mar 3, 1966 Jackson MS 16 May 8, 1965 Gregory SD 15 May 5, 1964 Bradshaw NE 14 Apr 3, 1964 Wichita Falls TX
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 1961 - 1963
13 May 5, 1960 Prague OK
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1959
12 Jun 4, 1958 Menomonie WI 11 Dec 18, 1957 Murphysboro IL 10 Jun 20, 1957 Fargo ND 9 May 20, 1957 Ruskin Heights MO 8 Apr 3, 1956 Grand Rapids MI 7 May 25, 1955 Udall KS 6 May 25, 1955 Blackwell OK
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down in 1954
5 Dec 5, 1953 Vicksburg MS 4 Jun 27, 1953 Adair IA 3 Jun 8, 1953 Flint MI 2 May 29, 1953 Ft. Rice ND 1 May 11, 1953 Waco TX
No EF5 Tornadoes Touched Down 1950 - 1952
The official database of tornado touchdowns goes back only
to 1950, but we know of thousands of tornadoes before that. The
candidates for designation as an EF5 tornado back to 1880 are listed below.
many cases there may not be enough information to make a good determination.
Rural areas with few buildings would get little press and construction
technology was different then in both cases it is possible no conclusion may be
possible. This research will take plenty of hands on research in local
libraries and historical societies and many years to complete.
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